|Charles I, by Sir Anthony|
van Dyck (1633)
What was the Personal Rule?The Personal Rule is the name given to the period between the dissolution of Charles's third parliament in 1629 and his calling of what became known as the Short Parliament in 1640. His eleven-year rule without parliament was legal, but not necessarily wise politically, as without parliament it was difficult for the monarch to assess the feeling in the country at large.
Charles could survive without having to call parliament as long as the country was not at war. This meant that his foreign policy changed abruptly. In April 1629 he made peace with France, leaving the Huguenots in the lurch, and in November 1630 with Spain.
While Europe was engaged in the Thirty Years' War, England stayed out of the conflict, even though Charles's sister was involved.